List of Schengen Countries in Europe 2023 (Updated List). Currently, there are 26 European countries that form part of the Schengen Area. Twenty-two of the twenty-seven EU countries are included (the UK and Ireland are the two main opt-outs) and there are four non-EU Schengen members (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland)
What Are Schengen Countries?
Schengen areas imply the zone where 26 European countries eliminated the restricted movement of people by abolishing the internal borders. This decision was taken to control the external border, bring harmony among citizens, and strengthen the common judicial system.
Most European Union countries fall under Schengen areas. However, there are exceptions like Ireland and the countries that will soon be part of Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and Cyprus.
Hence, you can travel to countries within the Schengen Area without border controls and long formalities.
If you are travelling from India, a Schengen visa may allow you a maximum 90 days stay. However, this factor completely depends on visa type.
Here is a list of Schengen visa countries that you can check before planning your journey.
The List of Schengen Countries
The Schengen Area consists of 26 countries covering nearly mainland Europe. These countries are listed below.
Austria, which is bordered by 8 countries, is located in Central Europe. It is a landlocked country with 8.95 million inhabitants in Central Europe. This country signed the Schengen agreement on 28th April 1995.
Portugal, which falls in Schengen Zone, shares borderlands with Spain. It has a population of around 10,371,627 residents. It signed the Schengen agreement on 25th June 1991.
It is located in Western and Central Europe, with Poland and the Czech Republic bordering the east and Denmark in its north. This Central European country borders nine nations. Germany has a population of 83,092,962 people. It signed the Schengen agreement on 14th June 1985.
4. Czech Republic
Czech Republic is one of the European Schengen countries. This landlocked country is bordered by Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria. It has an approximately 10.56 million population as of 2016. It signed the Schengen agreement on 16th April 2003.
Poland is located in Central Europe. It is home to nearly 38,224,410 residents. It signed the Schengen agreement on 16th April 2003.
Italy is a part of Schengen countries, located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Switzerland, France, Slovenia, Austria, the Vatican City and San Marino. Nearly 59,429,938 people reside in Italy. It signed this agreement on 27th November 1990.
Luxembourg has a population of 575,747 residents. It signed the Schengen agreement on 14th June 1985.
Estonia, a country in northeastern Europe, is bordered by 3 Baltic states. Latvia surrounds it in its south, the Baltic Sea in its west, Lake Peipus and Russia in the east and Gulf of Finland to the north. It is home to nearly 1,312,442 residents. Estonian government signed the Schengen agreement on 16th April 2003.
Latvia shares borders with Lithuania in the south, Estonia in the northern region, Russia in the east and Belarus in the southeast. It has a population of nearly 1,970,530 people. It signed the Schengen agreement on 16th April 2003.
Part of Schengen countries, Spain shares borders with France in the north and the Bay of Biscay. It has a population of 46,347,576 residents. Spain signed the agreement on 25th June 1991.
Lithuania shares a border with Poland to the south, Latvia in its north, Belarus to the east and south, and Kaliningrad Oblast in the southwest. It has a population of 2,908,249 residents. Lithuania signed the Schengen agreement on 16th April 2003.
Finland is located in northern Europe and is home to nearly 5,503,132 residents. Sweden borders it to the northwest, Norway to the north and Russia to the east. It signed the Schengen agreement on 19th December 1996.
Iceland is located in North Atlantic. It has a population of nearly 348,580 people. It first signed the Schengen agreement on 19th December 1996, followed by a second agreement on 18th May 1999.
Italy borders Austria to the north, Slovenia to the west, Croatia to the southeast and Hungary to its northeast. It has a population of 2,077,862. The country signed the Schengen agreement on 16th April 2003.
Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe and is home to nearly 5,444,218 residents. It shares borders with Ukraine in its east, Poland in north, the Czech Republic to its west, Austria in the southwest and Hungary in its south. Slovakia signed this Schengen agreement on 16th April 2003.
Denmark occupies peninsula of Jutland, which extends northward from centre of continental western Europe. Nearly 5,850,189 people live in Denmark. It signed the Schengen agreement on 19th December 1996.
Hungary is a part of the list of Schengen countries. It is located in Central Europe and is home to nearly 9,753,281 residents. Serbia surrounds it in the south, Slovakia in the north, Romania in the east and Slovenia in the west. It signed this Schengen agreement on 16th April 2003.
Malta consists of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It has a population of 429,362 residents. Malta signed this Schengen agreement on 16th April 2003.
Switzerland is landlocked between France in the west, Italy in the south, Austria and Liechtenstein in east and Germany in north. It signed this Schengen agreement on 26th October 2004.
Belgium is a low-lying country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands, France, Luxembourg and Germany. Moreover, Belgium is a federal state divided into three regions francophone Wallonia, Dutch-speaking Flanders and Brussels. Belgium signed the Schengen agreement on 14th June 1985.
France is located on the western edge of Europe. The English Channel surrounds the country in the northwest, the Bay of Biscay in the west, the North Sea in the north and the English Channel in the northwest. It has a nearly 67.4 million population. It signed the Schengen agreement on 14th June 1985.
Liechtenstein is a doubly landlocked microstate in Central Europe. It has a population of 37,666 residents. Liechtenstein signed a Schengen association agreement with the European Union on 28th February 2008.
Greece falls under the Schengen country name list. It is located at crossroads of Asia, Europe, and Africa. It is home to nearly 11,183,716 residents. Greece signed the Schengen agreement on 6th November 1992.
Norway is surrounded by Skagerrak strait in its south, Finland and Russia in its northeast and Denmark on another side. Nearly 5,254,694 people reside in this country. It signed the Schengen agreement on 19th December 1996, followed by a second agreement on 18th May 1999.
Sweden is located in Northern Europe. It shares borders with Finland and Norway. It is home to nearly 9,837,533 residents. Sweden signed this agreement on 9th December 1996.
Netherlands borders Belgium to its south, Germany to its east, and the North Sea to its northwest. It has nearly 16,987,330 residents. Netherlands signed the Schengen agreement on 14th June 1985.
Now let us check the advantages a Schengen visa holder can experience on his/her travel.
Features of Schengen Visa Countries
Some features of this Schengen region are listed below –
- Citizens of any country can liberally cross internal borders within Schengen Zone without any checks
- Judicial and police systems of these countries work together to fight crime
- There is a unique database, namely Schengen Information System. It shares information about goods, individuals, criminals, etc.
- Borders checks can be conducted for 30 days (maximum).
These are some essential information you need to know about Schengen countries for a hassle-free visa application.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can a Schengen visa holder travel to multiple countries?
Yes, you can travel to multiple countries within the Schengen Zone with the said visa.
Can I travel to Macedonia with a Schengen visa?
No, Macedonia is not a part of the Schengen zone. Hence, you cannot enter the country with the said visa.
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