Full List Of Mineral Resources In Nigeria And Their Locations

Full List Of Mineral Resources In Nigeria And Their Locations. Discover A Great Deal Of The Mineral Resources Available In Nigeria. Find Out Here!

Mineral Resources In Nigeria

Almost all of earth’s products are used for one thing or the other by humans and mineral resources varies and are deposited in all parts of the world. Do you know the mineral resources that are present in Nigeria? If you wish to know the mineral resources that are present in Nigeria then you have just come to the best platform for this information as I have prepared a well informative article on everything you need to know about mineral resources in Nigeria.

What are mineral resources?

Mineral resources in clear and simple words are natural substances that are pure an inorganic which occurs from the earth’s crust naturally. Minerals are highly valuable substances that are non-renewable and are used as the major source of development in countries. Research has found out it took millions of year for these mineral resources to form under earth’s crust.

What are the classifications of mineral resources?

There are two broad classifications of mineral resources and they are:

  1. Metallic resources: this include resources like gold, silver, copper, tin, iron, nickel, aluminum, lead, zinc etc.
  2. Nonmetallic resources: this include things like sand gravel, uranium,dimension stone, gypsum etc.

Is Nigeria rich with mineral resources?

Of course, Nigeria is well loaded with a lot of mineral resources. In fact, it is no news anymore that the major source of Nigeria’s wealth is crude oil. Nigeria generates a huge percentage of its money from crude oil.

What are mineral resources used for?

Mineral resources can be used for a lot of things. It can simply be used directly or processed into food and other products. Minerals are the main thing that industries make use of.

What are the mineral resources Nigeria has and where can one find them?

Nigeria as a country is one that is blessed with a lot of mineral resources and they are not based in only one part of Nigeria, they are properly scattered round about Nigeria. However, there are some states that are richer in some particular resource than the rest. Some of the mineral resources that are present in Nigeria are:

  1. Coal
  2. Bitumen
  3. Gypsum
  4. Gold
  5. Talc
  6. Gemstones
  7. Kaolin
  8. Rock salt
  9. Zinc and lead
  10. Iron ore
  11. Petroleum and natural gas
  12. Baryte and bentonite

Full List Of Mineral Resources In Nigeria And Their Locations


The first place coal was found in Nigeria was Enugu in 1909. The coal gotten from Nigeria has been noted to be one of the best coals from all over the world. Nigeria has more than three billion tonnes of coal reserves. Coal can be found in the following states: Enugu state, Ondo state, Zamfara state,Nasarawa state, Plateau state.


Bitumen was first discovered in 1900. The reserves of Bitumen we have in Nigeria are bigger than that of crude oil. Bitumen can be found in the following states: Lagos state, Ogun state, Edo state, and Ondo state


Gysum can be used to make cement which is very essential in building and other related businesses. It is well deposited in so many Nigerian states which include: Anambra state, Imo state, Edo state, Gombe state, Kogi state, Ondo state, Bauchi state, Borno state, Bayelsa state, Benue state, Delta state and Sokoto state.


Gold is one of the most valued minerals. It can be found in only few states in Nigeria which include: Kaduna state, Oyo state, Sokoto state, Kebbi state, Zamfara state, Niger state, Edo state, Kwara state, Ebonyi state, Kaduna state, Abuja and Bauchi state.


Talc is also one of the minerals we have in Nigeria. Some of the places which you can find Talc are: Ogun state, Kaduna state, Kogi state, Niger state, Osun state.


One of the most important minerals we have in Nigeria is Gem stones. They include valuable stones like Emerald, Ruby, Sapphire, Tourmaline, Topaz, Zircon etc. Gemstones can be found in states like: Kaduna state, Plateau state, Bauchi state.


Kaolin is present in states such as: Kastina state, Ekiti state, Ondo state, Kaduna state, Kogi state, Ogun state, Sokoto state, Plateau state, Adamawa state, Delta state, Borno state


Rock salt is such a valued mineral resource because it is used in making a lot of things such as table salt, chlorine, hydrogen peroxide, caustic soda, sodium bicarbonate etc. It is found in places such as: Ebonyi state, Abia state, Benue state, Cross river state, Anambra state, Imo state, Kastina state and Sokoto state.


Zinc and lead are widely spread in many states in Nigeria. Some of the states are: Plateau state, Niger state, Taraba state, Kano state, Ebonyi state, Cross river state, Enugu state, Bayelsa state, Anambra state, Benue state, Federal capital territory, Akwa ibom state.


Iron ore is one of the minerals that can also be found in Nigeria. It can be found in the following places: Kogi state, Enugu state, Niger state, and the Federal capital territory Abuja.


Petroleum has proven to be the most important mineral resource in Nigeria. It was discovered first in 1959 in Bayelsa state. we have millions of barrels of crude oil produced every day. However, oil can only be found in a few states which are: Abia state, Bayelsa state, Rivers state, Delta state, Akwa ibom state, Ondo state, Imo state, Edo state. in Nigeria, we also have four refineries for crude oil.


Baryte and Bentonite are the major parts of muds that are essential in drilling oil wells. There are about 700 million tonnes of barite and bentonite but they can only be found in a few states in Nigeria. They are: Borno state, Plateau state and Adamawa state.

What are the challenges facing solid mineral development in Nigeria?

There are various challenges facing solid mineral development in Nigeria. Some of them are:

  1. Unstable policy
  2. Unreliable and insufficient geoscience data
  3. Depleted reservoirs
  4. Low financing
  5. Bad management of the enterprise
  6. Illegal mining

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  1. Good job. But where are the locations of these ones, or are there not found in Nigeria? (Silver, copper, Diamond, Bauxite)

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